Project Integration Management - Types, Examples, Advantages


Integration management involves coordinating and integrating all project management processes, activities, and components to ensure project success. It ensures that the project is executed in alignment with the project objectives, stakeholder expectations, and overall organizational strategies. Here's an in-depth exploration of Integration Management:


Develop Project Charter:

The project manager initiates the project by developing a project charter that outlines the project's objectives, scope, deliverables, stakeholders, and high-level requirements. This document serves as a reference point throughout the project.

Develop Project Management Plan:

The project manager develops a comprehensive project management plan that encompasses all project management processes, including scope, schedule, cost, quality, resources, communications, risk, procurement, and stakeholder management.

Direct and Manage Project Execution:

The project manager executes the project management plan by coordinating and directing project activities, managing resources, monitoring progress, and ensuring deliverables are produced according to specifications.

Monitor and Control Project Work:

The project manager continuously monitors and controls project activities to ensure they align with the project management plan. This involves tracking project performance, managing changes, resolving issues, and ensuring quality standards are met.

Perform Integrated Change Control:

When changes occur, the project manager evaluates their impact on the project and implements appropriate change control processes. This involves assessing change requests, approving or rejecting changes, and updating project plans as necessary.

Close Project or Phase:

At project completion or the end of project phases, the project manager finalizes project activities, documents lessons learned, obtains stakeholder acceptance, and closes out the project formally.


Project Charter:

The project charter is a key integration management artifact that outlines the project's purpose, objectives, high-level requirements, stakeholders, and constraints. It serves as a reference document throughout the project lifecycle.

Project Management Plan:

The project management plan provides a comprehensive framework for managing the project. It integrates all project management processes and knowledge areas, defining how the project will be executed, monitored, controlled, and closed.

Change Control Processes:

Integrated change control processes enable the evaluation, approval, or rejection of changes to the project. These processes ensure that changes are managed systematically and their impact on project objectives is assessed before implementation.


- Ensures alignment between project activities and organizational strategies.
- Facilitates effective coordination and communication among project stakeholders.
- Provides a holistic view of the project, allowing for better decision-making.
- Improves project visibility and control through integration of project components.
- Helps manage changes systematically, reducing project risks and uncertainties.


- Can be time-consuming and resource-intensive, requiring careful coordination.
- Requires a high level of project management expertise and skills.
- Can be challenging to balance integration with the need for flexibility and adaptation.
- Overemphasis on integration may result in a lack of focus on specific knowledge areas.


Integration Management is applicable to projects across various industries and sectors. It is particularly crucial for complex projects involving multiple stakeholders, interdependent activities, and diverse project components.


Suppose a company undertakes a project to develop and launch a new product. The project manager employs Integration Management by developing a project charter, which outlines the project's objectives, scope, and stakeholders. Then, a project management plan is created, integrating all project management processes, such as scope, schedule, cost, quality, resources, risk, and procurement. During project execution, the project manager coordinates activities, monitors progress, and ensures all components are integrated smoothly. If changes arise, an integrated change control process is followed to evaluate their impact and make informed decisions. Finally, at project closure, the project manager ensures that all project components are appropriately closed, stakeholder acceptance is obtained, and lessons learned are documented for future projects.


- Project Management Institute. (2017). A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK® Guide) - Sixth Edition. Project Management Institute.
- Wysocki, R. K. (2013). Effective Project Management: Traditional, Agile, Extreme. Wiley.